The smartest and most sustainable way to live
In view of the various environmental problems and human-made pollution, many people have decided to contribute to curbing this situation by building green houses.
These are houses with a low environmental impact and high energy efficiency, they use natural resources in an intelligent and minimally invasive way.
These buildings are made of mostly organic materials and have advanced technology that allows efficient and sustainable use of resources to avoid emissions or waste harmful to the environment.
In this article you can learn a little more about these efficient buildings, an option that you could choose if you are thinking of buying a house.
Characteristics of an ecological house
The committed houses with the environment must meet certain characteristics to be considered “green”.
These must optimize the use of natural resources from the construction phase until the moment of inhabiting them. Its design must be sophisticated and have requirements such as:
1.-A bioclimatic design : it is one that optimizes resources from the environment, especially those that help regulate the internal temperature of the building, such as sunlight and wind.
Bioclimatic designs allow the walls to be isolated from sudden changes in temperature outside, which is why they tend to be much thicker than usual.
In this way, neither extreme heat nor cold are able to penetrate the house, thus maintaining a stable and pleasant interior temperature, without the need to use energy-intensive equipment such as air conditioning or heating.
2.-Environmentally friendly materials: they must be respectful with the environment. These are characterized by being natural and recyclable, with an almost imperceptible ecological footprint.
Little energy must be used for manufacturing and shipping. In addition, they do not contain toxic elements, so they are also beneficial for the health of its inhabitants.
3.-Cutting-edge technology: these houses use cutting-edge technology to be self-sufficient and reduce their environmental impact.
Solar powered lamps, solar water heaters, rainwater harvesting systems, and others are common in these constructions.
Types of ecological houses
The materials with which ecological houses are built are really diverse and these must comply with the specifications described above.
However, beyond the material, the form of construction and the habits of the people who inhabit it also significantly influence it. The most common ecological houses are the following:
Wooden houses: this material is ecological par excellence, since it is quite versatile and acts as an insulator, so it maintains the internal temperature of the home in optimal conditions.
In addition, it is hygroscopic, that is, it helps regulate the humidity in the house, something really beneficial for those who suffer from allergies and other conditions.
Brick houses: there are different types of bricks, those that are considered ecological are those made of unbaked clay, as this method requires the use of large amounts of energy.
Although this material is not as efficient as wood, it is necessary to use a thermal insulator to regulate the temperature.
However, it has an advantage over wood: it does not spread fires as quickly and is more resistant in this regard.
These are some of the most common characteristics and types of houses committed to the environment, so that you may already be familiar with this architectural concept and know the different benefits that they will bring to your health and to nature.
Tlalpuente, the ecological zone in CDMX
An example of this type of construction is found in Tlalpuente, a development located south of Mexico City, which is characterized by being an area of ecological residences.
This subdivision is regulated by the Ministry of Housing Urban Development and here the rule is that all houses must have systems for capturing rain or the use of sensors to control electric light.
In addition, they have a system of filters and tanks with gravel and activated carbon that allows them to recycle even gray water.
This zone is considered a Special Controlled Development Zone and there are rules among the settlers of the place to keep the subdivision in order.
As you can see in there are ways to reduce the environmental impact with homes that have a low environmental impact, a good option for when you think about buying a house.